Web Impact on Society
University of Southampton, Web Science
OVERVIEW: The Web is not just an engineered technical artefact because the Web architecture (HTTP, HTML and URIs) is only the kernel of an enormously complex social-technical machine. Phenomena like online banking, Web TV, internet shopping, e-government and social networking are the names that we give to human activities and human agendas that have co-opted the capabilities of this web architecture. While we may look to the Web to offer a source of "big data" for "social analytics", one of the goals of Web Science is to try to find a perspective that helps us to understand the bigger "socio-technical" picture of the Web, and hence to better interpret the data that we harvest from the Web. By looking at specific examples of how the Web has grown and developed (such as open access, open government data), we can start to see some of the principles and mechanisms of the socio-technical Web.
READINGS:Tinati, R., Carr, L., Halford, S., Pope, C. (2013) The HTP Model: Understanding the Development of Social Machines, WWW2013 Workshop: The Theory and Practice of Social Machines,
Tinati, R., Carr, L., Halford, S., Pope C. (2014) (Re)Integrating the Web: Beyond ‘Socio-Technical’, WWW2014